The Nenggiri River is situated in the District of Gua Musang, Kelantan and is one of the major tributaries of the Kelantan River. It has its source at about 2000m up in the Lojing Highlands in the South West of Kelantan on the main Titiwangsa Range bringing life to the basin before it joins Sungai Lebir and Pergau into Sungai Kelantan. The entire basin contains large areas of tropical forested mountains, limestone hills and lowland forest rich in biodiversity which is important for conservation as well as contributing to the livelihood of the local communities. Approximately 8,000 indigenous people of the Temiar Asli Group live within the basin in 25 resettlement villages and depend on the harvesting of natural resources such as forest products and fish for their livelihood, as well as, practicing shifting cultivation and planting cash crops such as rubber. Rivers and streams are the main source of water supply and aquatic products for the local community, as well as, being the main mode for transport.
Currently the forest ecosystem on which they are dependent is being threatened by uncontrolled and/or unsustainable development within and around the Nenggiri Basin. Large-scale land development is taking place converting the mountain forests to temperate agriculture farms especially in the Loging Highlands in the Upper Nenggiri Basin. At slightly lower altitudes widespread logging activities have affected much of the hill forests. Downstream areas along the main river are impacted by a serious sedimentation problem during most of the year and lowland forests are being converted into plantations. In addition, unsustainable harvesting of non timber forest products and illegal fishing using poison, bombing and electro- fishing have also affected the sustenance of the local communities.
The Nenggiri River is believed to be one of the few remaining sites where Kelah fish of more than 20 kilos can still be found. However, Kelah is now listed as endangered species under the Malaysian law because of it rapid population decline due to destructive fishing methods and illegal harvesting. Other significant biodiversity in the basin include elephant, tiger and Sumatran Rhino.
Pos Tohoi (5°1'51.36"N 101°45'8.04"E) and Pos Pulat (5°5'10"N 101°52'52"E) are indigenous people (orang asli) settlements in the district of Gua Musang, Kelantan. Both villages are inhabited by the Temiar tribe, and have a combined population of approximately 900 people. These settlements are adjacent to the Nenggiri Forest Reserve and Sg. Terah Forest Reserve.
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